Llorón

Miconia prasina

Orden: Order: Myrtales

Familia: Family: Melastomataceae

Género: Genus: Miconia

Especie: Species: Prasina

Nombres comunes: Common names: Camasey blanco, cenizo, jogorai, kuukutee, waraia.

Parte de la planta que se usa para el pigmento: Part of the plant used for pigment: Leaf

Color: Brown Yellow

Llorón pigment on paper. 102 x 68 cm

Herbarium. Dried Llorón leaves, sewn on rice paper.
77 x 57 cm. 2013.

Monotype on rice paper made from the dried Llorón leaves.
100 x 65 cm. 2013.

Planta

Plant

Llorón. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Descripción general

General Description

Small, leafy tree between two and eight meters in height, with slender branches and prominent, oval shaped leaves. Its tiny, pink and white flowers are clustered at the ends of branches. The fruits also arranged at the end of the branches are small grapes that turn bluish-purple when ripe.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Found along tropical America, from Southern Mexico to Bolivia and Paraguay, including the West Indies. Blooms during the dry season and bears fruit at the start of the rainy season. Typically found in wet tropical forests, although it also inhabits mountain forests. Birds eat the fruit and scatter the seeds. It can be found in clearings, forest fringes, and second-growth areas.

Llorón. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Found along tropical America, from Southern Mexico to Bolivia and Paraguay, including the West Indies. Blooms during the dry season and bears fruit at the start of the rainy season. Typically found in wet tropical forests, although it also inhabits mountain forests. Birds eat the fruit and scatter the seeds. It can be found in clearings, forest fringes, and second-growth areas.

Color extraction and dyeing process of natural fibers. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Usos

Uses

Its timber is used as fuel and building handmade tools. Its fruit, although edible, is not popular. Mostly used as food for cattle and for biological restoration processes, since it is an easy-growing pioneer species.

Pigmento

Pigment

The llorón produces a green-tea colored pigment attained when the leaves are macerated. This is a high yielding pigment that sets easily over different surfaces. When turmeric and lemon are added, the result is the only green colored pigment, among the plants explored to effectively set on fique.

Video. Llorón plant. Leticia, Colombia, 2011

Extracción + teñido

Extraction + dyeing

Cúrcuma

Curcuma longa

Orden: Order: Zingiberales

Familia: Family: Zingiberaceae

Género: Genus: Curcuma

Especie: Species: Longa

Nombres comunes: Common names: Saffron from India, guisador, turmeric, zafrán.

Parte de la planta que se usa para el pigmento: Part of the plant used for pigment: Root tubers

Color: Yellow

Cúrcuma pigment on paper. 102 x 68 cm

Herbarium. Dried Cúrcuma leaves, sewn on rice paper.
77 x 57 cm. 2013

Monotype on rice paper made from the dried Cúrcuma leaves.
100 x 65 cm. 2013.

Planta

Plant

Cúrcuma. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Descripción general

General Description

Herbaceous plant that grows up to one meter in height. It is dark green elongated leaves stem from the base of the plant. The flowers, white to light yellow, are grouped on a circular pin that originates from the center of the plant. Recognized for its underground root system (rhrizome), brown on the outside and intense yellow orange inside, similar to ginger.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Originally found in tropical Asia. It has been domesticated in multiple regions of the world, including numerous areas of tropical America. It grows in different environments, usually dry and wet areas of warm climate regions.

Cúrcuma. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Originally found in tropical Asia. It has been domesticated in multiple regions of the world, including numerous areas of tropical America. It grows in different environments, usually dry and wet areas of warm climate regions.

Grating the Cúrcuma to extract the pigment. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Usos

Uses

Cúrcuma has been used in India for 4,000 years as a traditional substance for dyeing fabric, painting the body, and medicinal purposes. Currently it is used in cooking due to its color and flavor—notable for its role in giving curry its color—. It has a pungent, spicy and aromatic smell. As medicine it has been used to treat heartburn, arthritis, and as an anti-inflammatory. It has been attributed the ability to serve effectively in the treatment of some types of cancer.

Pigmento

Pigment

Cúrcuma produces a yellow pigment by grating the rhizome or tuber of the plant. The cúrcuma pigment is very effective because it sets well on fique (natural fiber), cotton and paper. It works well with lemon, which acts as a catalyst during the process, enhancing the intensity of the yellow color pigment. It requires fire in order to properly adhere to different surfaces.

Record of the Cúrcuma extraction process. Leticia, 2010.

Extracción + teñido

Extraction + dyeing