Bure

Calathea loeseneri

Orden: Order: Zingiberales

Familia: Family: Marantaceae

Género: Genus: Calathea

Especie: Species: Loeseneri

Nombres comunes: Common names: Bure, tinta verde

Parte de la planta que se usa para el pigmento: Part of the plant used for pigment: Leaf

Color: Blue-green

Bure pigment on paper. 102 x 68 cm

Herbarium. Dried Bure leaves, sewn on rice paper.
77 x 57 cm. 2013.

Monotype on rice paper made from the dried Bure leaves.
100 x 65 cm. 2013.

Planta

Plant

Bure. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Descripción general

General Description

Herbaceous plant that grows up to one meter in height. Notable for its large oval, elongated leaves, of up to twenty centimeters, which are lighter at the center than along its blade. Its flowers are pink and white clusters of petals and bracts, protruding individually over the leaves.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Its original distribution is restricted to a few countries in South America, especially Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Although generally found in warm climates, requiring high temperature and humidity, but it is a shade plant.

Bure. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Its original distribution is restricted to a few countries in South America, especially Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Although generally found in warm climates, requiring high temperature and humidity, but it is a shade plant.

Bure. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Usos

Uses

Common in gardens and as an indoor ornamental plant. It also has commercial value in some countries. The extract of its leaves is used in ceremonies of varied indigenous communities to paint a wide variety of objects, decorate crafts and clothing.

Pigmento

Pigment

Bure is hard to find, and it produces a blue-green colored pigment, obtained when its leaves are mashed. Its pigment is effectively, but the color loses intensity on cotton and does not set well on fique (natural fiber). Exposure to fire is not necessary during the dyeing process.

Video. Bure plant. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Extracción + teñido

Extraction + dyeing