Cúrcuma

Curcuma longa

Orden: Order: Zingiberales

Familia: Family: Zingiberaceae

Género: Genus: Curcuma

Especie: Species: Longa

Nombres comunes: Common names: Saffron from India, guisador, turmeric, zafrán.

Parte de la planta que se usa para el pigmento: Part of the plant used for pigment: Root tubers

Color: Yellow

Cúrcuma pigment on paper. 102 x 68 cm

Herbarium. Dried Cúrcuma leaves, sewn on rice paper.
77 x 57 cm. 2013

Monotype on rice paper made from the dried Cúrcuma leaves.
100 x 65 cm. 2013.

Planta

Plant

Cúrcuma. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Descripción general

General Description

Herbaceous plant that grows up to one meter in height. It is dark green elongated leaves stem from the base of the plant. The flowers, white to light yellow, are grouped on a circular pin that originates from the center of the plant. Recognized for its underground root system (rhrizome), brown on the outside and intense yellow orange inside, similar to ginger.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Originally found in tropical Asia. It has been domesticated in multiple regions of the world, including numerous areas of tropical America. It grows in different environments, usually dry and wet areas of warm climate regions.

Cúrcuma. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Originally found in tropical Asia. It has been domesticated in multiple regions of the world, including numerous areas of tropical America. It grows in different environments, usually dry and wet areas of warm climate regions.

Grating the Cúrcuma to extract the pigment. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Usos

Uses

Cúrcuma has been used in India for 4,000 years as a traditional substance for dyeing fabric, painting the body, and medicinal purposes. Currently it is used in cooking due to its color and flavor—notable for its role in giving curry its color—. It has a pungent, spicy and aromatic smell. As medicine it has been used to treat heartburn, arthritis, and as an anti-inflammatory. It has been attributed the ability to serve effectively in the treatment of some types of cancer.

Pigmento

Pigment

Cúrcuma produces a yellow pigment by grating the rhizome or tuber of the plant. The cúrcuma pigment is very effective because it sets well on fique (natural fiber), cotton and paper. It works well with lemon, which acts as a catalyst during the process, enhancing the intensity of the yellow color pigment. It requires fire in order to properly adhere to different surfaces.

Record of the Cúrcuma extraction process. Leticia, 2010.

Extracción + teñido

Extraction + dyeing

Chontaduro

Bactris gasipaes

Orden: Order: Arecales

Familia: Family: Arecaceae

Género: Genus: Bactris

Especie: Species: Gasipaes

Nombres comunes: Common names: Chontaduro, chocarrás, chonta palmito, pupuña.

Parte de la planta que se usa para el pigmento: Part of the plant used for pigment: Leaf

Color: Green

Chontaduro pigment on paper. 102 x 68 cm

Herbarium. Dried Chontaduro leaves, sewn on rice paper.
77 x 57 cm. 2013.

Monotype on rice paper made from the dried Chontaduro leaves.
100 x 65 cm. 2013.

Planta

Plant

Chontaduro. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Descripción general

General Description

Palm with straight and prickly stem that may reach up to twenty meters in height. The leaves are pinnate (arranged symmetrically, nine to twenty per palm), lush-looking, with spikes, and grouped at the top. Its small, white flowers are accompanied by a large, prickly pod. The fruits, arranged in clusters, are oval, deep red and ordinarily have a single seed.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Originally found across tropical America, from Nicaragua to Brazil and Bolivia. It is mainly found in warm climates and along the foothills of mountain ranges, around non-floodable wet areas, growing well in different environments.

Chontaduro. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Originally found across tropical America, from Nicaragua to Brazil and Bolivia. It is mainly found in warm climates and along the foothills of mountain ranges, around non-floodable wet areas, growing well in different environments.

Chontaduro pigment manual extraction. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Usos

Uses

Chontaduro is widely used and planted by indigenous communities. Its fruits are high in nutritional value: contains protein, phosphorus, vitamins A, B, and C, iron and calcium, among others. The fruit can be eaten and used in a variety of ways and recipes. The flowers and the palm are also edible and its timber is used for various purposes.

Pigmento

Pigment

The chontaduro provides a green pigment when its leaflets are macerated. This is a very popular plant that can be found easily. Its pigment sets very well on paper, but not on fique (natural fiber); and on cotton it generates a low-intensity, pale green. It does not require exposure to fire to bind to the supports used.

Video. Chontaduro plant. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Extracción + teñido

Extraction + dyeing

Bure

Calathea loeseneri

Orden: Order: Zingiberales

Familia: Family: Marantaceae

Género: Genus: Calathea

Especie: Species: Loeseneri

Nombres comunes: Common names: Bure, tinta verde

Parte de la planta que se usa para el pigmento: Part of the plant used for pigment: Leaf

Color: Blue-green

Bure pigment on paper. 102 x 68 cm

Herbarium. Dried Bure leaves, sewn on rice paper.
77 x 57 cm. 2013.

Monotype on rice paper made from the dried Bure leaves.
100 x 65 cm. 2013.

Planta

Plant

Bure. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Descripción general

General Description

Herbaceous plant that grows up to one meter in height. Notable for its large oval, elongated leaves, of up to twenty centimeters, which are lighter at the center than along its blade. Its flowers are pink and white clusters of petals and bracts, protruding individually over the leaves.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Its original distribution is restricted to a few countries in South America, especially Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Although generally found in warm climates, requiring high temperature and humidity, but it is a shade plant.

Bure. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Its original distribution is restricted to a few countries in South America, especially Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Although generally found in warm climates, requiring high temperature and humidity, but it is a shade plant.

Bure. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Usos

Uses

Common in gardens and as an indoor ornamental plant. It also has commercial value in some countries. The extract of its leaves is used in ceremonies of varied indigenous communities to paint a wide variety of objects, decorate crafts and clothing.

Pigmento

Pigment

Bure is hard to find, and it produces a blue-green colored pigment, obtained when its leaves are mashed. Its pigment is effectively, but the color loses intensity on cotton and does not set well on fique (natural fiber). Exposure to fire is not necessary during the dyeing process.

Video. Bure plant. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Extracción + teñido

Extraction + dyeing

Huitillo

Renealmia alpinia

Orden: Order: Zingiberales

Familia: Family: Zingiberaceae

Género: Genus: Renealmia

Especie: Species: Alpinia

Nombres comunes: Common names: Chírica, guaiporé, ixquihit, monoj, naike, pintura negra.

Parte de la planta que se usa para el pigmento: Part of the plant used for pigment: Fruit shell

Color: (+ lemon = pink) (+ alum stone = purple)

Huitillo pigment on paper. 102 x 68 cm.

Herbarium. Dried Huitillo leaves, sewn on rice paper.
77 x 57 cm. 2013.

Monotype on rice paper made from the dried Huitillo leaves.
100 x 65 cm. 2013.

Planta

Plant

Huitillo. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Descripción general

General Description

Herbaceous, aromatic plant, which may grow two to six meters tall. Its oblong leaves accumulate at the top of its elongated stems. Its yellow-reddish flowers are grouped in clusters at the base of the plant, with its elliptical-shaped fruits located in the same spot. These fruits can vary from reddish to dark purple when ripe.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Found along tropical America, from Belize to Brazil, including the Lesser Antilles. It is less frequent in forests and more common in clearings. Blooms for extended periods of time and fruits during rainy seasons. It grows in warm, humid climates along the slopes of mountain ranges.

Huitillo. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Distribución geográfica
e historia natural

Geographic Distribution
and Natural History

Found along tropical America, from Belize to Brazil, including the Lesser Antilles. It is less frequent in forests and more common in clearings. Blooms for extended periods of time and fruits during rainy seasons. It grows in warm, humid climates along the slopes of mountain ranges.

One of the steps in the manual color extraction process. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Usos

Uses

It somewhat resembles certain types of heliconia. Its spicy fruit is edible and harvested in different countries such as Ecuador and Mexico. It also produces cooking oil, ink, and is used as a medicinal plant to treat nausea. The crude hexane extract from the leaves of this plant has been used to treat leishmaniasis.

Pigmento

Pigment

The huitillo yields a purple color after macerating ripe fruit’s skin. This plant offers a wide spectrum of possibilities because it produces a high-yielding pigment that easily binds to the different surfaces used. Exposure to heat is indispensable during the setting process. An intense indigo blue is the result of using only the skin. If lemon is added, the color turns purple-fuchsia, and if the pigment is mixed with white clay, the result is a pastel purple. When a fair amount of alum stone is applied, the result is a purple-royal blue shade.

Video. Huitillo plant. Leticia, Colombia, 2011.

Extracción + teñido

Extraction + dyeing